PRATI-CO is an EIP-AGRI Operational Group project dedicated to the study of good agricultural practices recommended for the preservation and maintenance of organic matter in the area which is famous for the production of Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese.
The Kyoto protocol established that the organic substances represent the main reserve of carbon in the continental biosphere (source of CO2/carbon sink). Permanent meadows represent important capture sites for carbon and are synonymous with biodiversity.
They are also symbolic of the rural landscape between Reggio Emilia and Parma, which is the area that is famous for the production of Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese. The permanent meadows in the area produce excellent fodder for cattle feed, which contributes to the characteristic scents and aromas of the famous Parmesan cheese. The PRATI-CO project is dedicated to the study of good agricultural practices recommended for the preservation and maintenance of organic matter.
The data collected showed that the accumulation of carbon in the soil of alfalfa meadows was similar to that of other rotating crops, however the accumulation was almost doubled in the case of permanent meadows.
Guidelines and training have been made, developed and delivered by the Operational Group.