Evaluation eLibrary

Total results: 29.

This case study from Finland focuses on the evaluation of the impacts of EU rural development measures and programmes on climate stability at the macro level using a multi-regional dynamic partial equilibrium modelling approach.

LEADER/CLLD Evaluation at a Glance

In the programming period 2014-2020 LEADER is implemented as part of Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The CLLD strategies prepared and implemented through the LEADER method include the description of specific monitoring and evaluation arrangements. These arrangements are the basis for Local Action Groups (LAGs) to carry out the CLLD strategy’s monitoring and evaluation activities. This factsheet provides a brief understanding of the evaluation of LEADER/CLLD. 

LEADER/CLLD Evaluation: Laying the Conceptual Foundation of the Approach

The history of LEADER  and its evaluation is extensive and has grown progressively over the past twenty-five years. LEADER began as a pilot initiative in 1991 (LEADER I) and has evolved with numerous iterations (LEADER II, LEADER +) into a widespread, mainstreamed policy instrument used to support the development of rural areas across the European Union. 

The findings and recommendations of various LEADER evaluations proves that this policy tool has played a critical role in improving and developing the conceptual foundation of the LEADER approach. The path of LEADER evaluations conveys a particular story, one of institutional and societal learning. 


In order to explore the Member States’s approaches on HNV farming in the new programming period the European Evaluation Heldpesk for Rural Development has (1) carried out an HNV survey in May-July 2016 and (2) organised an HNV Good Practice Workshop in June 2016, which provided a platform for representatives of DG Agri, Member States and HNV practitioners to discuss examples of good practices in identifying, monitoring and assessing HNV farming. This Working Document highlights the outcomes of this survey and the conclusions from the Good Practice Workshop organised in Bonn, Germany. 

This factsheet draws attention to a new targeted and cost-effective concept for HNV monitoring in Germany, which has been developed by the Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) in cooperation with private consultants.


This factsheet highlights the HNV map for Denmark developed by the Danish Centre for Environment and Energy at Aarhus University


This factsheet presents the main challenges for evaluating the contributions of the two most important sub-measures of the agri-environmental scheme (i.e. integrated and organic production) for GHG emissions.


The Guidelines: Assessment of RDP Results: How to Prepare for Reporting on Evaluation in 2017, is a non-binding document, which serves to complement the legal requirements relating to the AIR submitted in 2017. The document leads stakeholders through the phases of planning, preparing, conducting and reporting on evaluation for the AIRs to be submitted in 2017.

This working document compiles a selection of evaluation-related queries raised by the Member States in the period from January 2015 to September 2016. The topics covered within: (1) Ex post evaluation of RDPs 2007-2013, (2) Evaluation Plan, (3) Governance of evaluation, (4) Assessment of RDP effects, (5) Evaluation Questions, (6) Indicators, (7) Evaluation of LEADER/CLLD, (8) Evaluation of National Rural Networks and (9) Annual Implementation Reports.

While topic no. 1 refers to the last programming period, all other topics relate to the programming period 2014-2020. Answers were prepared by the European Evaluation Helpdesk for Rural Development in collaboration with the responsible Commission services.