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Total results: 5.

This report looks to:

• assess the impact of Environmental Stewardship (ES) on landscape character and quality in selected areas to be agreed with Natural England at the inception of the contract;

• allow potential comparative research into landscape change over time on holdings where agri-environment agreements cease;

• further develop the survey work undertaken during 2014 to provide a comprehensive baseline to underpin the future monitoring of the landscape outcomes of both ES and CS schemes. This will involve utilising field monitoring techniques developed by ‘BD5303 (Annex 2) and further refined during 2014 in a rapid field survey approach; to propose any further refinements to the rapid assessment methodology where these are identified including provision of recommendations for improvements to future field work undertaken in terms of logistics, potential for co-ordination with other survey teams, recording and reporting mechanisms;

• analyse the field survey results and compare findings with those of the 2014 survey, BD5303 and the NCA threshold results of the LM0429 project (LM0429)

The approach used in this work is to use computer models of pollutant emissions from agricultural land and the effect of changes in land management to provide a complementary intermediate between result and impact indicators by forecasting the potential long-term impact of GLAS management interventions in advance of long-term environmental monitoring for impact detection. Computer models are used to quantify the proportion of the baseline total pollutant load that is managed by farms in scheme, that part which is potentially controllable by the selected management interventions, and the likely reduction in load on the assumption of best practice.

The purpose of this study is to establish an integrated methodology for evaluating the impact of incentive schemes on climate change adaptation for biodiversity at a national, landscape and farm scale. This will consider; how the schemes are operated, how action is targeted, where options are located and whether option prescriptions suit. At the finer farm scale, the contribution of AE schemes to ecosystem based adaptation will also be evaluated.

The study evaluates the spatial distribution of different types of management under AE agreements nationally against a range of spatial datasets relevant to climate resilience and vulnerability, to understand whether existing agri-environment management options are ‘broadly in the right place’ for different adaptation priorities. The study then extends this approach to develop and test a methodology for identifying and evaluating adaptation at the farm level.

The study will result in a methodology that will be incorporated into future AE scheme monitoring and a national baseline dataset to compare future change.