This study used firm-level micro data to estimate the productivity effects of investment support (measure 121). The recently developed Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM) method was used to model the selection bias attached to the assignment of support and to estimate the causal effects.
This factcheet explores the PROMIS – Project Result Oriented Management Information System. PROMIS is an integrated web-based solution, which helps to:
- manage the application and selection process of LEADER/CLLD supported projects; and
- carry out the monitoring and evaluation of LEADER at two levels: RDP and LAG. This factsheet further highlights potential strengths and weaknesses of LAG Operations Databases.
This factsheet highlights the complexities in evaluating NRNs and delivers recommendations on how to meet these challenges.
The case of Estonia offers a unique example of innovative evaluation methods focusing on protecting and enhancing biodiversity through the use of complementary indicators.
This case study from Finland focuses on the evaluation of the impacts of EU rural development measures and programmes on climate stability at the macro level using a multi-regional dynamic partial equilibrium modelling approach.
In the programming period 2014-2020 LEADER is implemented as part of Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). The CLLD strategies prepared and implemented through the LEADER method include the description of specific monitoring and evaluation arrangements. These arrangements are the basis for Local Action Groups (LAGs) to carry out the CLLD strategy’s monitoring and evaluation activities. This factsheet provides a brief understanding of the evaluation of LEADER/CLLD.
The history of LEADER and its evaluation is extensive and has grown progressively over the past twenty-five years. LEADER began as a pilot initiative in 1991 (LEADER I) and has evolved with numerous iterations (LEADER II, LEADER +) into a widespread, mainstreamed policy instrument used to support the development of rural areas across the European Union.
The findings and recommendations of various LEADER evaluations proves that this policy tool has played a critical role in improving and developing the conceptual foundation of the LEADER approach. The path of LEADER evaluations conveys a particular story, one of institutional and societal learning.
This factsheet highlights NRN self assessment tools to demonstrate achievements and their use for evaluation.
This factsheet draws attention to a new targeted and cost-effective concept for HNV monitoring in Germany, which has been developed by the Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) in cooperation with private consultants.
This factsheet highlights the HNV map for Denmark developed by the Danish Centre for Environment and Energy at Aarhus University