Potential provision of monitoring data. The Inventory has been developed to help the work of the Living Labs and has contributed to identifying at least 50 practice abstracts, each of which describes a digital tool or project, its application scenario and potential socio-economic impacts. The operation of these digital tools has created data that may be suitable for monitoring purposes. For instance, environmental quality monitoring, air quality monitoring, tree monitoring technologies for forest resources to support climate adaptation and mitigation, using satellite data for monitoring CAP compliance, crop satellite monitoring, a satellite monitoring system that generates a ‘green index’, a monitoring tool providing meteo-climatic data, monitoring of forest health and detection of forest threats. Authorities charged with monitoring should examine the appropriateness of this data and if found adequate, seek ways to integrate them into their monitoring framework.
Potential to evaluate innovation. For evaluators, it is interesting to understand the criteria that are used to select the tools. Before developing the survey and the technical questionnaire to identify the tools, a study reaching more than 1000 people was conducted. This is interesting for evaluators because it also shows the broad scope of innovations which could be possible to happen in rural areas and in agriculture thanks to such digital tools and game changers. It can therefore be used to evaluate innovation.
Data collection from the farmer. The digital tools included in the Inventory provide data from farmers and for farmers. In many cases, the tool is used to collect data from the farmer thanks to sensors, smartphones or computers. Then raw data are sent to a distant server which will treat them, make calculations, cartographies and recommendations. Those results are sent back to farmers’ terminals to help them make decisions (e.g. on irrigation, fertilisation, crops). Therefore, these digital tools can be examined on a case-by-case basis as concerns their ability to supply evaluation data. Their value added is that they contain data that is open, accessible and available by the users thanks to solutions offered by digital technologies.
In addition, the Inventory can be useful for understanding the effects of measures related to the digitalisation of agriculture, forestry and rural areas, pertinent for the horizontal objective of the CAP.