Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation is a tool which aims to assess the achievement of the past, and draw lessons for the future. It involves a comprehensive methodological approach which should always be implemented at the end of the project.
In addition to this ‘ex-post’ evaluation, more and more projects are recognising the benefits from ‘ongoing evaluation’ during a project’s implementation. Ongoing evaluation helps to ensure that the monitoring data is used in the best possible and timely way.
Evaluations often include a qualitative analysis of the project’s: outputs in social, economical, and environmental terms (relevance and impact); method of implementation and partnership performance (effectiveness, efficiency); and future prospects or mainstreamed outcomes (sustainability).
Evaluation information can be collected through analysing monitoring reports and/or by consulting different stakeholders involved in the TNC project.
Evaluation is normally carried out externally by independent evaluators and evaluation should always seek to explore the added-value and synergies gained from TNC processes. These may be both hard and/or soft outcomes.
Evaluation findings can be used as a communication tool. The results of a TNC project evaluation can be used to demonstrate to the local population, the financial partners and to the press, the actual benefits of a European project. Such a presentation may also take the form of organising an event, together with your transnational partner(s) visiting your area.
The ‘final event’ of a TNC project should present information from the evaluation about your TNC project outcomes and underscore the current and anticipated impacts. This should include highlighting the added-value gained in each participating area.
The following table helps to summarise differences between monitoring and evaluation.
|Function||Operational project management.||Strategic aspects, project implementation method.||Concrete results and added value of TNC.|
|Objectives||To identify and resolve implementation problems.
To assess progress towards objectives
|To assess outcomes, impact, added value.
To promote successes and lessons learned.
|To promote TNC. To make people aware of the benefits of joint European action, specifically of TNC projects|
|Target Group||Project management.||Project stakeholders.||Project stakeholders, local population.|
|Responsibilities;||Lead partner: coordination. Other partners: participation, gathering of indicators.||Lead partner: coordination. Other partners: gathering of information and dissemination.||Lead partner and other partners.|
It is extremely important to establish and implement these monitoring and evaluation process from the moment you start writing the project road-map/application form. Only if you follow purposeful pre-defined indicators can your monitoring and evaluation provide meaningful support to the objectives of your TNC project.